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Qilin (Agenda) Ransomware: Threats, Techniques, and Prevention

Qilin (Agenda) Ransomware: Threats, Techniques, and Prevention

Qilin (Agenda) ransomware has become a growing concern for cybersecurity professionals.  This strain of ransomware exhibits a level of technical sophistication that poses a significant threat to enterprise data security.  The recent attack on Synnovis, a pathology services provider, which led to the disruption of critical services at several NHS hospitals in London, serves as a stark reminder of Qilin’s disruptive potential. Understanding Qilin’s capabilities and targeting methods is crucial for developing effective defense strategies.

This blog will provide a comprehensive overview of Qilin, exploring its technical aspects, target landscape, and the reasons why it should be a top priority for enterprise security teams.

What is Qilin (Agenda) Ransomware?

Qilin (Agenda) ransomware is a sophisticated threat that emerged in July 2022.

What makes Qilin particularly concerning is its use of advanced programming languages. Unlike many ransomware strains written in scripting languages, Qilin leverages Golang and Rust. These compiled languages offer several advantages for attackers, including:

  • Increased Efficiency: Golang and Rust are known for their speed and performance, allowing Qilin to operate efficiently within compromised systems.
  • Enhanced Evasion: The compiled nature of these languages can make Qilin more difficult for traditional signature-based detection methods to identify.

By employing these languages, Qilin aims to evade detection, operate seamlessly within target environments, and maximize its impact during an attack.

Qilin Ransomware’s Techniques and Targets

The capabilities of Qilin extend beyond its choice of programming languages. This section will delve deeper into its specific techniques and the types of organizations it targets.

Qilin Ransomware Techniques and Targets

A.   How Qilin Ransomware Attacks:

  • Multiple Encryption Modes: Qilin ransomware doesn’t rely on a single encryption method. It offers attackers the flexibility to choose from various encryption algorithms, making it adaptable against potential decryption tools.
  • Double Extortion: This ransomware subscribes to the now-common double extortion tactic. Beyond encrypting data, Qilin exfiltrates sensitive information before encryption. This creates a double threat: organizations must consider not only restoring access to their data but also preventing the disclosure of stolen information.
  • Customization for Maximum Impact: Qilin ransomware demonstrates a concerning capability for customization. Attackers can tailor the ransomware’s behavior to a specific target, potentially including features like termination of critical processes or specific file targeting to maximize disruption.

B.   Qilin (Agenda) Ransomware’s Targets: Who’s Next?

  • Focus on Critical Sectors: Qilin ransomware appears to target organizations in sectors with a high reliance on digital data and potentially weaker cybersecurity postures. Healthcare institutions like the ones impacted in the recent Synnovis attack and educational institutions are prime targets. Disrupting these sectors can have far-reaching consequences, putting additional pressure on victims to meet ransom demands.
  • Shifting Landscape: Recent reports suggest Qilin’s targeting strategy may be evolving. There have been indications of attacks targeting virtual machine infrastructure, including vCenter servers and ESXi hosts. This poses a significant threat as compromising these systems could allow attackers to encrypt data across multiple virtual machines.

Why Qilin Ransomware is a Cause for Concern

Several factors elevate Qilin (Agenda) ransomware to a high-priority threat for enterprise security teams.

  • Rust’s Evasive Advantage: One of the most concerning aspects of Qilin ransomware is its utilization of Rust. Unlike traditional scripting languages often used in ransomware, Rust offers significant advantages for attackers:
    • Evasion Tactics: Rust’s compiled nature makes it more challenging for signature-based detection methods to identify. This allows Qilin ransomware to slip past traditional security measures.
    • Lower Detection Rates: The relative novelty of Rust in the ransomware landscape means security vendors may have less experience with its indicators of compromise (IOCs). This translates to a potentially higher chance of Qilin ransomware infiltrating a system undetected.
  • Adaptability and Evolution: Qilin ransomware has demonstrated a capacity for customization, allowing attackers to tailor their behavior for maximum impact on specific victims. Additionally, recent reports suggest a shift in targeting strategy, with attacks aimed at virtual machine infrastructure. This adaptability and potential for further development highlight the need for proactive security measures that go beyond signature-based detection.

How to Defend Against Qilin (Agenda) Ransomware Attacks

Here’s a comprehensive strategy to fortify your defenses specifically against Qilin ransomware attacks:

  • Educate Your Employees: Train your staff to be vigilant against phishing emails, a primary tactic for Qilin ransomware deployment. Teach them to identify suspicious emails, even if they appear legitimate.
  • Patch and Update Rigorously: Maintain a strict patching schedule. Apply security updates to your operating systems, applications, and firmware as soon as they are released. These updates address vulnerabilities that attackers exploit.
  • Implement Secure Backups: Regularly back up critical data and store these backups securely. Integrate air-gapped and immutable backups for maximum ransomware protection.
  • Enable Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA): Multi-Factor Authentication adds an extra layer of security by requiring a second verification factor beyond usernames and passwords. This significantly reduces the risk of unauthorized access.
  • Stay Informed: Qilin ransomware is constantly evolving. Keep yourself updated on the latest developments concerning Qilin and its tactics to adapt your defenses effectively.


Qilin ransomware is a cunning adversary, but not an unconquerable one.  By implementing the strategies outlined in this guide, you can significantly bolster your defenses and make your systems a less appealing target. 

The key takeaway? Prioritize a layered defense that combines user awareness training, rigorous patching, secure backups, and advanced authentication measures. This comprehensive approach will go a long way in safeguarding your data from the ever-evolving threat of Qilin ransomware.

Protect your critical data from Qilin (Agenda) ransomware with Veeam ready air-gapped and immutable backup and DR solution. Contact our experts today to discuss your projects and custom-build your ransomware protection solution.

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